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Ancient Viking iron arrowhead "Sulitsa" Kievan Rus, 11-13 AD№82

Ancient Viking iron arrowhead "Sulitsa" Kievan Rus, 11-13 AD№82
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  • Material: Iron


Sulitsa - a kind of projectile weapons. It is a dart throwing spear having an iron tip length of 15-20 cm and a shaft length of 1.2-1.5 m. Actively used in eastern and northern Europe in the IX-XIII centuries as a martial and hunting weapons.
As a subsidiary of projectile weapons in combat and hunting Sulitsa used in almost all of eastern and northern Europe during the IX-XIII centuries. In particular, it was used by the Vikings Sulitsa, Slavic tribes and, later, the troops of the Russian principalities. As the prevalence Sulitsa was the second weapon remote battlefield after the bow. At the same time almost anywhere onion Sulitsa replaced completely. Sulitsa advantage lies primarily in the fact that it takes only one hand - in other could be, for instance, shield. Heavy Sulitsa, unlike the arrows kept stopping power all along the flight, and at small distances superior boom and accuracy. Sulitsa, in principle, it was possible to throw as accurately as possible to this skill thrower, since it is not influenced by factors that are not depended on hand (as happened, for example, arrows).

When used in combat Sulitsa rushed warrior from a distance of 10-30 meters. This effect could be important not only to defeat the enemy's body, but also jam Sulitsa his shield - Sulitsa entrenched in the shield, warrior maneuver prevented them from being covered with bumps, and increase the weight of the shield, causing lower it. Attempts to get rid of Sulitsa board also increased the vulnerability of the warrior.

The maximum effect is achieved at mass use Sulitsa, which, according to one theory, before battle each soldier had one or two Sulitsa to throw them at rapprochement with the enemy. In addition, in the majority of troops in the region there are also light-warriors main weapon were Sulitsa. The main problem in the use of Sulitsa as any darts, was severely limited maximum ammo thrower (maximum of 8-10 units).
On the territory of medieval Russia found 40-50 (47?) Sulitsa dated IX-XIII centuries.

Sulitsa rarely mentioned in the sources than the spear, but it is characteristic that the greatest number of uses is necessary to describe the wars with the western neighbors of Russia in XIII century AN Kirpichnikov stresses that "in the XIII century. use javelins participation. It affected the activation of infantry troops and a device to fight in the dense forest and swampy areas "[1]. This is confirmed by archaeological evidence: of the 47 detected Sulitsa in the western regions (Smolensk region, western part of Leningrad, Novgorod and Pskov region, Russia) with 26 finds, whereas, for example, in Vologda, Tver, Kostroma, Vladimir, Moscow and Ryazan Regions There are 8 Sulitsa.

The Lay Sulitsa mentioned twice, "Chin - Lithuania, Yatvyazi, Deremela and Polovtsy - Sulitsa own povrgosha" [2], and in an address to Volyn Prince Ingvar and Vsevolod: "Some of your zlatyi helmets and Sulitsa Lacki and shields?"

Dimensions see in the photo.

This item is genuine and from the period described. 100% authentic artifacts. Lifetime warranty of authenticity
An interesting and rare type.
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100% authentic artifacts

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